Schoolchildren study at home, professionals work from home, businesses are closed: in many european countries, governments have massively curtailed public life in the fight against the coronavirus crisis.
In many places, the rules go much further than in germany. An overview:
ITALY: in the worst-hit country, the 60 million inhabitants are only allowed to leave the house for shopping, work and medical reasons. You have to write the reason on a form. Otherwise there is a threat of fines. Schools, universities and kindergarten remain closed until at least 3. April closed. Head of government giuseppe conte announced, however, already that the mabnahmen will be extended.
In addition, most shops remain closed. Grocery stores, pharmacies, gas stations, drugstores, and newsstands are allowed to open on a limited basis, but only allow a few customers in at a time. Everyone is required to keep a distance of one meter from each other. In nearby MALTA, there has been no shutout so far. Bars, clubs, cinemas and sports arenas are closed.
FRANCE: 15-day curfew in place since tuesday. A prolongation is already being debated. One may leave the house only if it absolutely must be. Permitted: shopping for food, helping those in need, exercising alone or driving to work. Those who do not follow the rules have to pay a fine, up to 135 euros. Here, too, everyone must have a form with them.
AUSTRIA: exit restrictions have been in effect since monday – now until easter monday, 13. April. Many shops are closed the government repeatedly appeals to the people to go out only to shop, to work or to help others. Walks are allowed – but preferably alone. Police warn groups on the streets not to stand together.
BELGIUM: since the weekend all pubs and restaurants are closed. Classes canceled nationwide as of monday. Parents can still send their children to school for supervision, if there is no other way because of work. Since wednesday there is also a curfew: only to buy food, medicines, books and newspapers, for medical appointments and errands at the post office and banks may still leave the house. Sports and walks in the fresh air remain allowed – but not in groups. Thousands of police officers control.
SPAIN: curfew since sunday, so far for 15 days. Spain’s nearly 47 million people were only allowed out of the house in exceptional circumstances, and if they did, then only unaccompanied. Walking the dog remains allowed. There are many police checks, there is a risk of fines or even imprisonment. Unlike in italy and france, however, there is no form to fill out.
GREAT BRITAIN: the government repeatedly urges people to avoid social contact and not to go to pubs, restaurants, theaters or museums. But there are no bans. Schools closed as recently as friday. Rail and bus services are being gradually reduced. In london, dozens of subway stations are no longer served. Prime minister boris johnson has so far ruled out a curfew. He hopes to have the pandemic under control by early summer. Many experts consider this unrealistic.
SWITZERLAND: a state of emergency was declared here on monday. Shops – except supermarkets and pharmacies – are closed. You can go out, but if possible only together with the people you live with under the same roof. Events are forbidden, but playgrounds are open. If young people meet spontaneously in the street, that’s okay too. Rough private parties are no longer allowed, but fondue evenings in small groups are. But everyone should keep a distance of two meters.
Czech republic: a state of emergency is in effect. Freedom of movement is drastically restricted. People are supposed to stay out until the age of 24. Marz stay at home. The usual exceptions apply here as well. Anyone over 70 should not leave the house at all. Mouth and nose coverings must be worn in public. A scarf is enough.
NETHERLANDS: schools and daycare centers are closed, as are restaurants, bars and even the coffee shops where hashish and similar drugs may be sold. However, customers can place and pick up orders. Sports clubs, saunas and brothels had to close down. Amsterdam’s most famous museums – including the reichsmuseum and the van gogh museum – are also closed. The government does not want to impose a curfew so far.
SLOVAKIA: apart from the journey to work, the population here also has to go out only a little. Schools, recreational facilities and many businesses are shut down.
POLAND: kindergartens, schools and universities are closed, pubs and restaurants as well. But they were allowed to offer a delivery service. Those returning from abroad have to undergo a 14-day quarantine. In poland, the quarantine site is checked daily by the police.
SLOVENIA: as of friday, a ban on staying in public places applies to everyone who does not live in the same household. Those who move alone or with their roommate in parks or on streets should keep their distance. The walk to grocery stores, pharmacies, gas stations, banks, and post offices is allowed.
SERBIA: since wednesday there is a night curfew of 20.00 o’clock until 05.00 a.M. For people over 65 (in the country: over 70) is a comprehensive ban on going out. On friday the country closed its borders for all passenger traffic. For foreigners, the borders have been closed since the beginning of the week.
BULGARIA: here are also most of the stores and local and the schools and universities closed. The ski resort of bansko was placed under quarantine on tuesday evening – no one is allowed to enter or leave the resort. There are no curfews.
Scandinavia: on all channels in the five countries, there are repeated reminders to stay at home. The norwegians were not allowed to go to their vacation homes because there are too few doctors in the villages. In denmark, only grocery stores and pharmacies are still open. The access is regulated.
Lithuania, estonia and latvia: schools, kindergartens and universities are closed. Many shops, restaurants and recreational facilities are also no longer open. Public life is largely suspended. All three countries have declared a state of emergency and sealed off their borders. There are no curfews so far.